The term “semi precious” is applied to a subset gemstones, and the term was created to set them apart from what are considered precious stones (diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds). Things like amber and lapis lazuli, which are not really stones at all are still considered “semi precious” by most people. This distinction reflects the rarity of the respective stones in ancient times, as well as their quality.  all are translucent with fine color in their purest forms and very hard.  This distinction is not related to their monetary value, i.e. some forms of garnet are more expensive than emeralds.  

Objects: Semi-precious Export: JSON - XML - CSV

Object U Number Museum Number (UPM Date Reg Number) Museum Number (BM Registration Number) Museum Number (UPM B-number) Description (Catalog Card)
10027 (none) (none) (none) Gold Leaves (14) Strung with small beads of lapis and carnelian. The order is the normal one: some were found with the beads still in between - 1 small carnelian ring, 2 blue bugles, 1 small carnelian ring. (many of the beads are mixed with U.10026)
10028 (none) (none) (none) Beads 6 gold composite (triune) beads lentoid probably strung with small lapis lentoids: but found in confusion. Certainly lapis and gold lentoids (small) were used together and were found mixed up on the left side of the coffin where these spacers were also found.
10089 (none) (none) (none) Beads Double lentoids of lapis and gold See Field Notes
10090 (none) (none) (none) Beads Large lentoids, 2 lapis, 1 silver, 2 bitumen(broken) NB the carnelian rings probably went between the large beads
10091 (none) (none) (none) Copper Pin With lapis ball head Type V
10092 (none) (none) (none) Copper Pin With lapis ball head (broken) Type V
10093 (none) (none) (none) Silver Pin With plain lapis ball head Type V
10096 (none) (none) (none) Wreath of gold mulberry leaves strung with small lapis bugles & carnelian rings (orig. 13 in all, but some are badly broken) Type__
10150 (none) (none) (none) Necklace Carnelian & lapis beads and one steatite: double conoids, barrel and bugle beads For order of stringing and details (?)
10153 (none) (none) (none) Seal Lapis lazuli Lentoid shaped 3 registers Men and gazelles
10168 (none) 1928,1010.252 (none) Cylinder Seal Lapis lazuli Men fighting rampant lions and bulls
10172 (none) 1935,0113.435 (none) Beads Worn round wrist 5 lapis double conoids; 4 carnelian bugles; 1 carnelian bugles; 1 carnelian double conoid; lapis and carnelian strung alternatively.
10189 (none) 1928,1010.681 (none) 3 Beads One steatite lentoid; 2 carnelian barrels
10303 (none) (none) (none) Cylinder Seal Lapis lazuli Male figure; on either side a rampant gazelle, behind each gazelle a rampant lion and beyond the lions a second male figure NB The male figures have bird heads
10304 (none) (none) (none) 6 Beads Two carnelian bugles, & 4 crystal ring beads - strung alternatively.
10313 (none) (none) (none) Beads Bangle Lapis & silver double conoids on wooden cores Minute gold, lapis and silver balls For order of stringing cf. Field Note
10315 (none) (none) (none) 5 Beads 2 lapis bugles 2 carnelian bugles 1 carnelian diamond. Originally strung with wooden double conoids, all of which had decayed. For order see Field Note.
10316 (none) (none) (none) Earring Lapis lazuli with gold hoop. The pendant is shaped like a saddle, smooth on one side, decorated with oblique incisions on the other. The incised side has a raised ridge running down its axis; the ridge is perforated in 3 places and gold links remain in case of two of the holes. The body of the earring is further perforated 4 times probably to admit gold suspenders. The gold hoop was attached to it on the one side by a hole through which the wire was passed and then wound about itself. On the other side the hoop end was inserted through the hole and then bent against the lapis suspender so as to be made fast.
10327 (none) (none) (none) Copper pin Broken in 3 pieces Lapis ball head with gold cap on upper and under side Type V
10329 (none) (none) (none) 13 Gold (Mulberry?) leaves Strung with lapis bugles and carnelian rings. Each leaf has a gold tang bent double thus forming two tubes for two strings of beads. Against the leaf on either side a small carnelian ring bead, then 2 lapis bugles, carnelian ring, leaf, etc.
10330A (none) (none) (none) [A-B] Necklace Gold double conoids on a bitumen core Lapis lazuli double conoids. 3 strings: each string has 3 double conoid gold and 6 double conoid lapis
10330B (none) (none) (none) [A-B] Necklace Gold double conoids on a bitumen core Lapis lazuli double conoids. 3 strings: each string has 3 double conoid gold and 6 double conoid lapis
10333 (none) (none) (none) Copper Pin Curved head, surmounted by rectangular lapis head. The lapis head was not found actually in position on the pin but was hard by it and almost certainly belongs. Hole perforated below shoulder. Broken in 2 pieces. Ribbed decoration on upper portion of the stem [drawing] Type VI C
10336 (none) (none) (none) Copper Pin Lapis ball head Type V
10338 (none) (none) (none) 13 Gold (Mulberry?) Leaves Strung with carnelian rings and lapis bugles in the normal manner Worn round forehead


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Inorganic Remains > Stones and Minerals > Mineral > Semi-precious