Description (Catalog Card): Cylinder seal. Steatite. Green. Small piece missing near one end. Inscribed. Slightly concave. Two rampant lions back to back. Each is attacked by a naked bearded and horned hero. Between the 2 lions tails 3 vertical lines with rounded heads standing above a pair of spread wings? - thus [drawing]2     
Find Context (Catalog Card): loose soil TTE     
Material (Catalog Card): Steatite3     
U Number: 8416     
Object Type: Seals, Stamps, and Sealings >> Cylinder Seals      
Museum: University of Pennsylvania Museum      
Season Number: 05: 1926-1927      
Description (Modern): CBS Register: cylinder seal. jadeite. concave. inscribed "Lugal-tug dumu Lugal-ab". two gilgamesh and two lions, plant UE II: Cylinder seal, green steatite. Slightly carinated. One end chipped. Inscribed.     
Material: Inorganic Remains >> Stones and Minerals >> Mineral >> Semi-precious >> Jadeite      
Museum Number (UPM B-number): B16870     
Measurement (X): 33     
Measurement (Y): 21     
[1] vertical lines
[2] Woolley's description
[3] Material as described by Woolley

Locations: 8416 Export: JSON - XML - CSV

Location Context Title Context Description Description (Modern)
TTE TTE is shorthand for Trial Trench E, one of two initial trenches dug in season 5 to extend TTA from season 1. Woolley dug TTE and TTD at right angles to each other in order to search for graves in what he believed was a potentially vast cemetery. These trenches were never mapped and no aerial photos show them, as by the time of the 1930 photograph the trial trenches had been so extended that most of the Royal Cemetery area was exposed. Fortunately, Woolley's field records allow us to reconstruct its direction and extents. He states that TTE extended southwest to the south gate of the Neo-Babylonian temenos wall. This would make it about 85 meters in length, and though he does not tell us its width it is likely that it was around 4 meters, the same as the measurable trial trenches A, B, and C. Although Woolley reports that he dug "two long trenches running diagonally across the site from the head of the old trench" only TTD can actually have begun at the northern end of TTA. TTE extends at a right angle to TTD, but it does so 8 meters from the northeast corner of TTA. In order to place TTE accurately, other information has been used from field notes and publications. These show that TTE struck PG580 but did not completely reveal it. In fact, Woolley began to dig part of PG580 from the side of the trial trench because he had cut through it without recognizing its full importance. He had to leave this particular grave at the end of the season and return to it in season 6. TTE also hit the stone roofing of PG777 but left it intact. PG580 and PG777 were mapped and show the direction and general placement of TTE. TTE almost immediately began revealing graves, some of them relatively rich in gold jewelry. It is probably for this reason that Woolley did not continue TTD to any great depth but chose instead to focus on TTE. In fact, he later began extending TTE into new trenches along the same line (TTF and TTG). He assigned numbers to each grave as it was uncovered, preceded by the abbreviation PG (Private Grave). The initial sequence, PG1-PG226 were all located within TTE. The sequence then began to share with TTF and eventually with TTG. Unfortunately, none of the first 579 graves were ever mapped within the length of their trial trenches. (none)
  • 1 Location

Media: 8416 Export: JSON - XML - CSV

Media Media Title Title Label Author Omeka Label
Ur Excavations II; The Royal Cemetery Ur Excavations II; The Royal Cemetery 1934 Woolley, Leonard (none)
British Museum Photo Negatives British Museum Photo Negatives (none) (none) (none)
UPM Field Photo numbers UPM Field Photo numbers (none) (none) (none)
Ur Excavations Texts I: Royal Inscriptions Ur Excavations Texts I: Royal Inscriptions 1928 Gadd, C.J., Legrain, L., Smith, S., Burrows, E.R. (none)
Woolley's Catalog Cards Woolley's Catalog Cards Card -- BM ID:194 Box:38 Page:122 Card -- BM ID:194 Box:38 Page:122 (none)
  • 5 Media