The Early Dynastic IIIa Period is marked by the beginning of syllabic writing, recording the full flow of human speech.  This led to the rise of literary texts, poems, histories, etc. instead of just economic documents.  Pu’abi and Meshkalamdug’s graves date to this period.  

Ultra-Low Chronology

Short/Low Chronology: 2500-2375 BCE

Middle Chronology: 2600-2450 BCE

Long/High Chronology: 


Objects: EDIIIA Export: JSON - XML - CSV

Object U Number Museum Number (UPM Date Reg Number) Museum Number (BM Registration Number) Museum Number (UPM B-number) Description (Catalog Card)
7869 (none) (none) (none) Copper cullender. Flat rim, thin metal: the cup pierced with 6 rows of small holes: handle made in one piece with rim, fairly solid, rectangular section, bent over at end, clearly having been in a wooden handle. [drawing]
7982A (none) (none) (none) [A-B] Two copper bowls. One with a well-marked ring base. Both damaged, corroded together, probably more or less hemispherical in shape. Type _.
7995 (none) 1928,1009.321 (none) Copper strainer. Badly broken and distorted. Normal type with broad rim and flat handle. 97.
8123 (none) (none) (none) Bowl. Copper.
8379 (none) (none) (none) Copper bowl. [drawing] Type XIV.
8507 (none) 1928,1010.382 (none) Copper bowl and strainer Oxidised together, but both in pretty good condition. Strainer with handle (broken). Bowl, oval; one end broken. In the middle of each side, on outer rim, there is a coiled wire attachment for a handle (missing). [Type] LXIII
8626 98-9-1 (none) (none) Copper bowl. Type 14.
8627A (none) (none) (none) [A] Copper tray. ?type 85 (new). Shallow, circular, with beaten-up rim and wide spout flush with tray bottom. Type 13. Resting on this and corroded to it is [B] a copper object [drawing] of sheet copper 70mm wide, the ends bent up. [drawing 1:5]
8628 (none) 1928,1010.383 (none) Copper vase. Shaped rather like a samovar and carved with an open network of twisted silver wire. One end open and the edge here missing (it stood in the soil with this thin end uppermost) Type 12
9334B (none) (none) (none) Silver vases Spouted (A) In remarkably good condition, but the spout has been bent back touching the rim. (B) Exactly similar, but the lower part is broken and badly warped
9364 (none) 1928,1009.185 (none) Silver bowl with long trough spout, with body finely fluted and engraved, the base outside has an eight petalled flower engraved upon it. Found inside two copper bowls. From the pre-historic graves? (Illustrated Harmsworth Universal History. part 5. facing p.481 : in color.) [card seems to be a replacement]
9792 (none) (none) (none) Copper Bowl. Part of base missing.
9797 (none) 1928,1010.129 (none) Silver Bowl Oval form With engraved line round rim and 3 slightly raised ribs [drawing] It forms part of a mass of broken copper vessels corroded together, and the full details of it cannot be seen. (nos. 11-14 in Field Notes) [Type] LXXXVII
10024A (none) (none) (none) [A-B] Lamps Silver, two were found, one inside the other: the outer lamp completely decayed, the inner in good condition.
10052A (none) (none) (none) [A-D] Silver Bowl 4 Oval - one inside the other. The 3 inner examples are well preserved and have small lapis handles: the outer bowl is much decayed. TYPE__
10452 (none) 1928,1010.5 (none) Gold Goblet [drawing]
10454 (none) 1928,1010.6 (none) Gold Spouted vessel. On a small solid base, oval, an oval bowl like a flattened half-egg: the sides fluted with herring-bone and double zigzag pattern engraved round rim and above base. From low on one side rises a tubular spout, curved and growing thinner to the tip. (Bent in). Found with gold and silver vessels at the far end of box [drawing] photo 1042
10455 (none) 1928,1010.135 (none) Silver Bucket (?) but with no handles [drawing] Type XXXII
10456 (none) 1928,1010.134 (none) Silver Jug [drawing] XXX Type__
10458A (none) 1928,1010.146 (none) Silver Vessels [A-O] 15 goblets 42 (new) [P] 1 libation jug 83 (new) [Q] 1 flat tray 32 (new) Types__ Photo__
10460 (none) 1928,1010.133 (none) Silver Jug (?) Askos shape With 2 long lugs, pierced: through this runs a twisted silver wire of which the rest, attached to a spindle whorl-shaped object, perhaps the stopper, is inside the pot. Type 113? [drawing]
10462 (none) 1928,1010.147 (none) Silver Pot [Type] XXXII [drawing] Inside it a silver bowl: and resting against the rim and projecting above it a silver drinking tube
10463 (none) (none) (none) Silver Lamp Usual shell type Type 115 (new)
10473 (none) (none) (none) Copper Vessels A number, all corroded together, mostly tall tumblers, and with these a libation-jug and a pattern Types 43, 83, 32 (new)
10474 (none) (none) (none) Copper Vessels All corroded together
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