Description (Catalog Card): Stone plummet. Coarse. Limestone. [drawing 1:1]1     
Find Context (Catalog Card): T.T.B, SS. E-nun-mah     
Material (Catalog Card): Limestone2     
Measurement (Catalog Card): [L.65mm, W.15mm based on 1:1 drawing]     
[1] Woolley's description
[2] Material as described by Woolley


Locations: 513 Export: JSON - XML - CSV

Location Context Title Context Description Description (Modern)
Enunmah | TTB | ES That its foundation goes back behind the Third Dynasty of Ur is certain, for fragments of walls and pavements in pIano-convex brick (PI. 30a) prove the fact, but of the character of that original structure nothing can be said. Ur-Nammu was responsible for the temple in its existing form; he built it in mud brick, or at any rate made much use of that material, and his work was added to and probably completed by his son Dungi. Bur-Sin replaced with burnt brick the mud-brick walls of his grandfather and Gimil-Sin added further details. The temple was completely overthrown by the Elamites on the occasion of the downfall of Ibi-Sin and under the Isin Dynasty was rebuilt by Gimil-ilishu, who faithfully followed the lines of the Third Dynasty ground-plan. Ishme-Dagan, Nur-Adad, and Sin-idinnam all in turn undertook repairs of its structure and Kudur-Mabug seems to have done some more radical restoration, but his building was destroyed by the Babylonians in the time of Samsu-iluna. It was probably restored after a fashion not much later, but the first actual record of its re-establishment is that of Kuri-Galzu; the Kassite ruler still kept to the original plan, but added a few new features. His building was repaired, without any noticeable alterations, by Marduk-nadin-ahhe in the 11th century B.C. Nebuchadnezzar was the first to tamper seriously with the ancient ground-plan; his reconstruction involved a complete change of character corresponding to a change of ritual in the temple services, and in the temple as he left it the old E-nun-mah is barely recognisable. Nabonidus repaired but does not seem to have modified his predecessor's work. Finally we find, above the Nabonidus level, remains of a further reconstruction which we can attribute only to Cyrus of Persia., The building was an almost exact square measuring some 57.00 m. in either direction; its angles were, as usual, orientated to the cardinal points of the compass. It was surrounded by a wall 2.70 m. thick strengthened by double buttresses, of which there were five on each side, and the area thus enclosed was raised to form a platform about 2.00 m. above the level of the ground outside; this wall is fairly well preserved on the NE (v. Pis. 28b., 29b), has suffered a good deal, and is partly masked by subsequent additions in the SE (PI. 29a), could be traced only by its foundations on the SW, where the building has been remodelled, and on the NW it has been completely eradicated by a drain of Nebuchadnezzar. There is a doorway in the SE wall which, however, would seem to have led only into two small chambers having no communication with the rest of the building. In view of the denudation of the walls, which here do not rise above floor level, it is not possible to assert definitely that such communication never existed, but the facts that the wall between rooms 17 and 18 is whereas in almost every other case the doorways can be distinguished even at this level (rooms 8, 9, and 10 are the sole exceptions), and that no hinge-box or doorsocket stone was found here, make the theory of a door hazardous. Probably the real entrance to the building was in the NW front. (none)
TTB.SS In the west corner there was in the core of the wall a brick with the Kudur-Mabug stamp; it was possibly re-used but is more probably original and dates the lower part of the wall to the Larsa period. The floor had disappeared, owing to the fact that the Neo-Babylonian floor had been laid at the same level in this as in the other rooms of the sanctuary. The room had been partly cleared by Taylor and had suffered severely from exposure since then. Under the Neo-Babylonian pavement, against the inner side of the entrance door, there was a doorsocket stone of Marduk-nadin-ahhe. 76 Loose in the lower earth filling there were found a large oval blue paste pendant (U. 8335), an object like a spoon-bowl of white steatite (U. 8336), tablets (U. 534-6), and a crescent-shaped amulet of red pebble (U. 8334). (none)
  • 2 Locations

Media: 513 Export: JSON - XML - CSV

Media Media Title Title Label Author Omeka Label
Ur Excavations VI; The Ur III Period Ur Excavations VI; The Ur III Period 1974 Woolley, Leonard (none)
Woolley's Catalog Cards Woolley's Catalog Cards Card -- BM ID:194 Box:23 Page:13 Card -- BM ID:194 Box:23 Page:13 (none)
  • 2 Media