Description (Catalog Card): Clay figurine. Crudely made of reddish clay, the surface covered with a bright dark hematite wash. A row of small holes denotes the main features, but there is also a minimum of relief modelling. [drawing]2     
Find Context (Catalog Card): found low down in the loose soil, about 5.50 to 6.00 below the surface     
Material (Catalog Card): Clay3     
U Number: 8640     
Museum: University of Pennsylvania Museum      
Object Type: Figural Objects >> Figurines >> Anthropomorphic      
Season Number: 05: 1926-1927      
Description (Modern): Modeled clay object, oblong in shape, holes pierced in a y shape along top. Brownish clay with a red slip. U number on object.      
Material: Inorganic Remains >> Clay >> Fired >> Terracotta      
Museum Number (UPM B-number): B17215     
[1] Technique tagged by Penn Museum research team.
[2] Woolley's description
[3] Material as described by Woolley

Locations: 8640 Export: JSON - XML - CSV

Location Context Title Context Description Description (Modern)
TTE TTE is shorthand for Trial Trench E, one of two initial trenches dug in season 5 to extend TTA from season 1. Woolley dug TTE and TTD at right angles to each other in order to search for graves in what he believed was a potentially vast cemetery. These trenches were never mapped and no aerial photos show them, as by the time of the 1930 photograph the trial trenches had been so extended that most of the Royal Cemetery area was exposed. Fortunately, Woolley's field records allow us to reconstruct its direction and extents. He states that TTE extended southwest to the south gate of the Neo-Babylonian temenos wall. This would make it about 85 meters in length, and though he does not tell us its width it is likely that it was around 4 meters, the same as the measurable trial trenches A, B, and C. Although Woolley reports that he dug "two long trenches running diagonally across the site from the head of the old trench" only TTD can actually have begun at the northern end of TTA. TTE extends at a right angle to TTD, but it does so 8 meters from the northeast corner of TTA. In order to place TTE accurately, other information has been used from field notes and publications. These show that TTE struck PG580 but did not completely reveal it. In fact, Woolley began to dig part of PG580 from the side of the trial trench because he had cut through it without recognizing its full importance. He had to leave this particular grave at the end of the season and return to it in season 6. TTE also hit the stone roofing of PG777 but left it intact. PG580 and PG777 were mapped and show the direction and general placement of TTE. TTE almost immediately began revealing graves, some of them relatively rich in gold jewelry. It is probably for this reason that Woolley did not continue TTD to any great depth but chose instead to focus on TTE. In fact, he later began extending TTE into new trenches along the same line (TTF and TTG). He assigned numbers to each grave as it was uncovered, preceded by the abbreviation PG (Private Grave). The initial sequence, PG1-PG226 were all located within TTE. The sequence then began to share with TTF and eventually with TTG. Unfortunately, none of the first 579 graves were ever mapped within the length of their trial trenches. (none)
  • 1 Location
Media Media Title Title Label Author Omeka Label
Leon Legrain Note Card Leon Legrain Note Card (none) (none) (none)
Ur Excavations IV; The Early Periods Ur Excavations IV; The Early Periods 1955 Woolley, L. (none)
Woolley's Catalog Cards Woolley's Catalog Cards Card -- BM ID:194 Box:39 Page:76 Card -- BM ID:194 Box:39 Page:76 (none)
  • 3 Media